Jon Danzig is an award-winning investigative journalist specialising in health, human rights and the European Union
Eurosceptics often claim that they love Europe, but hate the European Union. They assert that Britain can still be part of Europe without having to be part of the European Union.
That, of course, is true to an extent, but it rather misses the point and purpose of the EU.
The European Economic Community – later to be called the European Union – was started in the immediate aftermath of the Second World War, with the express intent of avoiding wars on our continent ever happening again.
That was the passionate resolve of those who are regarded as the eleven founders of the European Union, including our own war leader, Winston Churchill.
After all, Europe had a long and bloody history of resolving its differences through war, and indeed, the planet’s two world wars originated right here, on our continent.
So the EU was never just an economic agreement between nations. It was always also meant to be a social and political union of European nations to enable them to find ways not just to trade together, but to co-exist and co-operate in harmony and peace on many levels as a community of nations.
The goal, in the founding document of the European Union called the Treaty of Rome, was to achieve ‘ever closer union among the peoples of Europe’ (which is rather different to ‘ever closer union of nations’.)
'A kind of United States of Europe'
Just one year after the Second World War, in 1946, Winston Churchill made his famous speech in Zurich, Switzerland in which he said:
“We must build a kind of United States of Europe. The structure of the United States of Europe, if well and truly built, will be such as to make the material strength of a single state less important..
“If at first all the States of Europe are not willing or able to join the Union, we must nevertheless proceed to assemble and combine those who will and those who can.”
And in August 1949, at the first meeting of the Council of Europe in Strasbourg, Churchill delivered his speech in French and said:
“There is no reason for us not to succeed in achieving our goal and laying the foundation of a United Europe.
"A Europe whose moral design will win the respect and acknowledgement of all humanity, and whose physical strength will be such that no person will dare to disturb it as it marches peacefully towards the future.”
At the time Churchill did not envisage Britain joining the new Union of Europe, but he was later to change his mind.
'We genuinely wish to join'
In early 1957 the European Economic Community (EEC) was established by its six founding nations, France, Italy, West Germany, Belgium, The Netherlands and Luxembourg.
This was a remarkable achievement, considering that these countries only a few years previously had been fighting in a most terrible war, and four of the founding nations had been viciously subjugated by another of the founders, Germany, during their Nazi regime.
In a speech four months later in July 1957 at Westminster’s Central Hall, Churchill welcomed the formation of the EEC by the six, provided that "the whole of free Europe will have access". Churchill added, "we genuinely wish to join".
But Churchill also warned:
“If, on the other hand, the European trade community were to be permanently restricted to the six nations, the results might be worse than if nothing were done at all – worse for them as well as for us. It would tend not to unite Europe but to divide it – and not only in the economic field.”
In August 1961, Churchill wrote to his constituency Chairman, "I think that the Government are right to apply to join the European Economic Community.." And just two years before he died, in 1963, Churchill wrote, "The future of Europe if Britain were to be excluded is black indeed."
Maybe this is the point that many in the ‘Leave EU’ campaigns simply don’t get. Here in Britain we don’t seem to understand the founding principles of the European Union – and on the rest of the continent, they don’t understand why we don’t understand.
The European Union isn't just about trade, and never was. It’s about peace, and a community of nations of our continent working together for the benefit and protection of its citizens.
Although NATO protected us from external threats, the European Union has stopped us from going to war with each other. That’s a huge accomplishment for a continent that was previously more used to employing violence as the way to settle disagreements.
Just a trade arrangement?
Many Eurosceptics often claim that in the first referendum all those years ago, Britain was misled into thinking that the ‘Common Market’ was just a trade arrangement with the rest of Europe. But that’s not true. I was there. The discussion was dominated – especially by the NO campaign – about political union with Europe.
So, when Britain threatens to walk away from the European Union, we are doing much more than a possible move away from ‘free trade’ with each other. We are snubbing our European allies and partners on something that they seem much more passionate about than us.
We are telling them that we don’t want to be part of an exceptionally special and precious community that goes way beyond the considerations of trade and economics.
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